The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are the eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The MDGs have since been replaced with the Sustainable development goals. Both bear major similarities with a different approach.
Slums provide an important entry point for the achievement of all the Sustainable Development Goals in cities; the sheer concentration of people living in slums make them ideal targets for interventions aimed at reducing poverty, reducing child mortality and HIV/AIDS, improving literacy and promoting environmental sustainability in urban areas. The rate at which slums are growing exceeds the rate at which they are being improved. Some 200 million more slum dwellers have been added to the world’s urban population since 2000; if current trends continue, by 2020, there will be 400 million more people drawn into the misery of slum life and the global slum population will reach 1.4 billion. Slum dwellers are more likely to live in hazardous or toxic locations, which are more prone to natural disasters, such as floods,
Cities and slums are often the “first step” out of rural poverty. The rural poor move to cities, where there are more employment opportunities and better access to services such as health care and education. The locus of poverty is moving to cities. In the next two decades, more than 95 per cent of the population growth in the world’s poorest regions will occur in urban areas, with the result that cities will become the predominant sites of poverty in coming years. Malnutrition, hunger and disease are becoming more prevalent in slums, particularly in developing countries. Because hunger experienced in cities is directly related to income (rather than agricultural productivity), the urban poor are much more vulnerable to income-dependant hunger than their rural counterparts.
SFF2016 seeks to focus on the various achievements that have been made in the past decade in regards to addressing poverty across the continent. The festival will seek to showcase various works of film that are about the progress and achievements that have been realised through innovative approaches and how film and creative arts have played a role towards the improvement of lives. The festival will seek highlight Africa’s development through the MDGs and promote more citizen engagement towards the improvement of the slums as well as promote dialogue in regards to the newly formulated SDGs.
Through this years festival, we intend to raise more awareness about the various innovative ideas, and approaches that various African countries are undertaking to address extreme poverty and improve the lives of slum dwellers. The festival will thus seek to cast a strong focus on films about issues arising from the MDGs as well as the SDGs. Through the selected entries the festival will select films from across different countries whose themes resonate with issues revolving around global poverty.
Through the festival we will engage dwellers of the slums and provide a platform for stakeholders to converse and understand various approaches that can be used to tackle poverty. Besides that, the theme will also guide the panel discussion during this year’s festival. The panel discussions will be based on issues related to development in the slums and how community involvement and mobilisation can be improved through using film and creative arts. The theme will be used as the baseline for the filmmaker workshops to be conducted during the festival. Filmmakers will be tasked with creating a film on innovation / entrepreneurship in the slums.